4 ECTS credits
110 h study time

Offer 1 with catalog number 4016394FNR for all students in the 1st semester at a (F) Master - specialised level.

1st semester
Enrollment based on exam contract
Grading method
Grading (scale from 0 to 20)
Can retake in second session
Taught in
Partnership Agreement
Under interuniversity agreement for degree program
Faculty of Engineering
Educational team
Yves ROLAIN (course titular)
Activities and contact hours
18 contact hours Lecture
36 contact hours Seminar, Exercises or Practicals
Course Content
• System-level architectural analysis of RF/microwave receiver/transmitters.
• Design of the different RF/microwave sub-systems (LNA, mixer, filters, antenna’s) using commercial software.
• Analysis of critical building blocks
o Simulation using electromagnetic field solvers
o Measurement of prototype realizations
• ESD protection of circuit and systems
• Tolerance and yield analysis / optimization
o Monte-Carlo techniques
o Worst-case distance methods
• Realization and measurement of the transmitter/receiver circuit.
• Reporting on the design
Course material
Handbook (Recommended) : Microwave Engineering Using Microstrip Circuits, E. H Fooks, Longman Publishing, 9780724809158, 1990
Handbook (Recommended) : ESD Protection Device and Circuit Design for Advanced CMOS Technologies, Oleg Semenov, Hossein Sarbishaei, and Manoj Sachdev, Springer, 9789048178360, 2008
Handbook (Recommended) : Analog Design Centering and Sizing, H. Graeb, Springer Verlag, 9789048174997, 2007
Handbook (Recommended) : The RF and Microwave Circuit Design Cookbook, S.A. Maas, Artech House Publishers, 9780890069738, 1998
Additional info
E. H Fooks, “Microwave Engineering Using Microstrip Circuits”, Longman Publishing, 1990, ISBN 0724809155.
S.A. Maas, “The RF and Microwave Circuit Design Cookbook”, Artech House Publishers, 1998, ISBN 0890069735.
H. Graeb, “Analog Design Centering and Sizing”, Springer Verlag 2007, ISBN 978-1-4020-6003-8.
Oleg Semenov, Hossein Sarbishaei, and Manoj Sachdev, “ESD Protection Device and Circuit Design for Advanced CMOS Technologies”, Springer, 2008.
Learning Outcomes

Algemene competenties


The step from a prototype to a commercial product is larger than seen at first sight. To cut the price of the final product, it is important
• to reduce the amount of tuning and testing;
• to increase the yield of the product taking into account the processing variations (design for manufacturability); and
• to protect the circuit again Electro-Static Discharge (ESD) by manipulation / handling the circuit.

The aim of this course is to close in the gap between the theoretical knowledge on RF/microwave design, and the design of a commercial product. Starting from the knowledge on electromagnetics and RF/microwave amplifier design, all design aspects of complete RF/microwave systems are covered in the course. This includes the system-level design, the design of different RF/microwave sub-systems (such as mixers, amplifiers, hybrids, filters, antennas …), their design for manufacturability (production tolerances, Design Rule Checking (DRC) ) and their protection to the manipulation by the user (e.g. ESD-protection).

Aims and Objectives

The objective is to make the future engineers aware of the problems and solutions that need to be considered when turning a prototype RF/microwave system into a product. He/she will therefore combine past experiences/courses on telecom and RF/microwave design, and extend/apply this knowledge to turn prototypes into real products. The objectives are therefore to
• perform a system-level study of a complete transceiver system and make the trade-offs between the different RF/microwave sub-systems;
• design the different RF/microwave sub-systems;
• use of field solvers and measurements of prototypes to predict the response of critical passive structures (filters/hybrids/antennas);
• consider the ESD protection, when assuming that the user might physically touch the LNA input or the antenna;
• consider the manufacturability by taking into account the DRCs of the technology and the yield coming from uncertainties on the components, models and technology.
The main focus of this course is to apply the information given in the lectures (on ESD-protection, yield computation/optimization), onto a practical RF/microwave design. Starting from specifications, an ESD-protected, yield optimized RF/microwave receiver/transmitter needs to be designed, realized and measured.

Gained Competences

The gained competences of this course are:
• Hands-on experience in RF/microwave design using commercial software (ADS of Agilent);
• Use of electromagnetic field solvers for critical building blocks;
• Use of RF/microwave measurement of prototypes;
• Tolerance and yield analysis/optimization;
• Realization and measurement of the complete receiver/transmitter
• Presenting the design using a design report / oral presentation.


The final grade is composed based on the following categories:
Oral Exam determines 100% of the final mark.

Within the Oral Exam category, the following assignments need to be completed:

  • oral defense with a relative weight of 1 which comprises 100% of the final mark.

    Note: An oral defense to highlight the different design options and choices made

Additional info regarding evaluation
The mode of assessment is project based: the student needs to design an RF/microwave system from specification to realization; he/she must measure of the design, followed by an oral defense to highlight the different design options and choices made. During this project, special attention must be paid to protect the design against ESD, and to increase the manufacturability by taking into account the variations on the components, the models and the technology.

Academic context

This offer is part of the following study plans:
Master of Electronics and Information Technology Engineering: Standaard traject (only offered in Dutch)
Master of Electrical Engineering: Standaard traject BRUFACE J