3 ECTS credits
90 h study time

Offer 1 with catalog number 6004201FNR for all students in the 2nd semester at a (F) Master - specialised level.

2nd semester
Enrollment based on exam contract
Grading method
Grading (scale from 0 to 20)
Can retake in second session
Taught in
Faculty of Law and Criminology
International and European Law
Educational team
Bernd MARTENCZUK (course titular)
Activities and contact hours
26 contact hours Lecture
Course Content

The course examines, from a legal point of view, the external relations of the European Union. The first part of the course analyses the EU as an international actor. It traces the historical development of the EU as an international actor, examines the legal personality of the EU, the institutional framework of EU external relations, and the external competences of the EU. The second part of the course is devoted to the instruments and procedures of EU external relations, including the negotiation and conclusion of international agreements, the relationship of EU law and international law, mixed agreements, the EU's participation in international organizations, and the relationship of Member States' agreements and EU law. The third part of the course is devoted to the major policy areas of EU external relations, in particular the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the common commercial policy, development cooperation, and other cooperation policies. Throughout the course, the innovations to EU external relations brought by the Lisbon Treaty are considered and critically assessed.

Course material
Handbook (Required) : Book with required reading (cases, articles, international materials), Distributed by the PILC Secretariat
Course text (Required) : Lecture Notes
Handbook (Recommended) : External Relations of the European Union: Legal & Constitutional Foundations, Piet Eeckhout, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2004
Additional info

A detailed course outline and a reader containing mandatory and background readings is distributed at the beginning of the course. Students are expected to have read the mandatory reading before the scheduled lecture/seminar.

Learning Outcomes

General competencies

After the course, students should have a thorough understanding of all legal and institutional aspects of EU external relations.


The final grade is composed based on the following categories:
Written Exam determines 100% of the final mark.

Within the Written Exam category, the following assignments need to be completed:

  • Examen Schriftelijk with a relative weight of 1 which comprises 100% of the final mark.

    Note: Case Study

Additional info regarding evaluation

The students will be evaluated on the basis of a final written exam. The exam will be closed book; the text of the TEU and TFEU may be used. The exam will be a practical case, on the basis of which several questions will be asked. The questions will test the knowledge of the issues discussed in the lectures and the assigned reading, as well as the student's ability to critically discuss and reason on these issues.

Academic context

This offer is part of the following study plans:
Master of Laws in International and European Law: Standaard traject